Hoax: An untrue, invalid, or outdated email message written to convince the recipient to send the message to others. Hoaxes may be recognized by examining the technical sounding but incorrect language and by the recipient. These are related to email chain letters which usually contain a hook, a threat, and a request (to forward the message or even send money).
http://urbanlegends.about.com/cs/vir...esaz/index.htm A-Z listing of Virus Hoaxes
http://antivirus.about.com/library/blenhoax.htm - Hoax Encyclopedia
http://www.vmyths.com/hoax.cfm?page=0 - Hoaxes A-Z
Scam: A scheme designed to defraud an individual or corporation. The agents typically promise a large return with little or no risk involved.
Phishing: Pronounced “fishing,” the act of sending an e-mail to a user falsely claiming to be an established legitimate enterprise in an attempt to scam the user into surrendering private information that will be used for identity theft. The e-mail directs the user to visit a Web site where they are asked to update personal information, such as passwords and credit card, social security, and bank account numbers, that the legitimate organization already has. The Web site, however, is bogus and set up only to steal the user’s information. For example, 2003 saw the proliferation of a phishing scam in which users received e-mails supposedly from eBay claiming that the user’s account was about to be suspended unless he clicked on the provided link and updated the credit card information that the genuine eBay already had. Because it is relatively simple to make a Web site look like a legitimate organizations site by mimicking the HTML code, the scam counted on people being tricked into thinking they were actually being contacted by eBay and were subsequently going to eBay’s site to update their account information. By spamming large groups of people, the “phisher” counted on the e-mail being read by a percentage of people who actually had listed credit card numbers with eBay legitimately.
Phishing, also referred to as brand spoofing or carding, is a variation on “fishing,” the idea being that bait is thrown out with the hopes that while most will ignore the bait, some will be tempted into biting.
Spoofing: To make a transmission appear to come from a user other than the user who performed the action. Spoofing as defined by the FBI "is generally used as a means to convince individuals to provide personal or financial information that enables the perpetrators to commit credit card/bank fraud or other forms of identity theft".
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